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  1. Bilge Gökçen

    Bilge Gökçen Yeni Üye Üye

    Kayıt:
    27 Ağustos 2007
    Mesajlar:
    13.023
    Beğenilen Mesajlar:
    108
    Ödül Puanları:
    0

    Concession Clauses

    Konu, 'İngilizce Genel' kısmında Bilge Gökçen tarafından paylaşıldı.

    although kullanımı however kullanımı in spite of despite concession clause 1. TÜMCE İLE KULLANILANLAR
    1.1. Although / Though

    yüklem + -mEsInE rağmen / karşın; -DIğI halde
    Although he is young, he is not inexperienced.


    Devrik yapı ile de kullanılabilir.
    Careful though/as she was, she couldn't prevent the accident. (=Although she was ...)


    Although ve though
    farkı:

    Though, tümce içinde ve sonunda however anlam
    ında kullanılabilir.

    1.2. Even if / Even though
    Türkçeye çevirisi although ile aynıdır. Even if "-sE bile" olarak aktarılabilir.
    He borrowed my jacket even though I'd told him not to.


    You have to be on time even if the lesson starts very early.


    1.3. Whereas
    Türkçeye although gibi ya da "... ise de", "... iken" ile aktarılır.
    Whereas he has plenty of money, he has no-one to trust.


    1.4. While / Whilst
    Türkçeye although gibi aktarılır.
    While he is quite nice, sometimes he is a menace.


    1.5. Despite / In spite of / Regardless of / Notwithstanding / Irrespective of + the fact that
    Türkçeye "...( gerçeğin)e karşın / rağmen" ile aktarılırlar.
    Despite the fact that he is rather nice, sometimes he is a menace. (=Although he is ...)

    1.6. As
    Devrik yapı durumunda "rağmen" anlamı taşıyabilir.
    Tired as I was, I went on walking. (=Although I was tired ...)


    Change your mind as you will, you will gain no support. (=Although you may change ...)


    Bu yapı Reason veya Similarity Clause olarak da kullanılabilir.
    As
    sözcüğü yerine that kullanıldığı da görülür.
    Fool that he was, he made no mistakes.


    1.7. As ... as
    Bu yapı ender olarak kullanılır.
    As widespread as his fame may be, he is not well-known in this part of the country. (=Although his fame may be widespread, ...)

     
  2. Bilge Gökçen

    Bilge Gökçen Yeni Üye Üye

    Kayıt:
    27 Ağustos 2007
    Mesajlar:
    13.023
    Beğenilen Mesajlar:
    108
    Ödül Puanları:
    0
    Cevap: Concession Clauses
    2. TÜMCE İLE KULLANILMAYANLAR

    2.1. Despite/In spite of

    KULLANIMI
    despite/in spite of + ad [1] / Ving [2]

    ÇEVİRİSİ
    yüklem + -mesine rağmen / karşın
    ad + -E rağmen / karşın

    He came in spite of his illness. [1] / being ill. [2]



    He still chooses to play with his plastic toy gun despite the many electric toys he has.
    A. Although he has many electric toys, he prefers to play with his plactic toy gun.
    B. Due to the number of his toys, he's having difficulty in choosing between his plastic toy and electric toys.
    C. He has electric toys as well, but today he is playing with his plastic toy gun.
    D. He may choose to play with his plastic toy gun, but his favourite is his electric toy.
    E. In spite of playing with his plastic toy gun, he still has some electric toys as well.

    2.2. Irrespective of, Regardless of, Notwithstanding

    KULLANIMI
    irrespective of / regardless of / notwithstanding + ad / WH
    ÇEVİRİSİ
    ad + -E rağmen / karşın
    yüklem + -mEsInE rağmen / karşın
    göz önüne almaksızın

    Regardless of whatever he may say, do it as you please.


    2.3. ..., still / yet

    KULLANIMI
    ..., still/yet + Ving [1] / tümce [2]
    ÇEVİRİSİ
    yine de, ancak, fakat, bun(lar)a karşın

    He suffered a lot, yet never giving in. [1] / he never gave in. [2]


    3. Given (that)
    Yerine göre koşul anlamı da verebilen bu yapı pek sık kullanılmamaktadır.
    Given her charm, she is alone. / Given that she has charm, she is alone.


    4. For all
    For all his efforts, he failed.


    Aşağıdaki farklı kullanıma dikkat:

    For all + tümce = as far as

     
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  1. Conditional Clauses (If Clauses)

    Conditional Clauses (If Clauses)

    if clause ile ilgili alıştırmalar if clause alıştırmalar clauses alıştırma alıştırmaları CONDITION CLAUSE 1. IF 1.1. First condition Şu an ya da geleceğe ait gerçekleşmesi mümkün olasılık anlatır. KULLANIMI If + Present, Future / Present tense ÇEVİRİSİ (Eğer) ... -I/Er ise, -EcEk / -I/Er If nothing is done about high rate of...
  2. Reason Clauses

    Reason Clauses

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  3. Purpose Clauses

    Purpose Clauses

    purpose clauses clauses of purpose konu anlatımı in order to konu anlatımı video PURPOSE CLAUSE 1. (In order) to, so as to KULLANIMI in order (not) to / so as (not) to + yüklem ÇEVİRİSİ yüklem + -mEk için To open the lid, turn it left. They left the door open in order for me to hear what they were talking...
  4. Exception Clauses

    Exception Clauses

    EXCEPTION CLAUSE 1. But (that) Resmi (= formal) nitelik taşıyan anlatımlarda kullanılır. KULLANIM but that + tümce [1] but for me/him/.. to + yüklem [2] ÇEVİRİSİ dışında, haricinde Nothing would stop them but that the President (should) make a speech. [1] Nothing would stop them but for the...
  5. Verbless Clauses

    Verbless Clauses

    VERBLESS CLAUSE Bu tür tümceler İngilizcede fazla kullanılmaz ve çeviri ya da sınavlar açısından önemli bir sorun oluşturmaz. He waited, anxious for a reply. (= he was anxious for a reply) Tedirginlikle bir yanıt bekledi. She was standing, a statue of innocence. (= she was like a statue of innocence) Masumiyet abidesi gibi duruyordu...

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