Conditional Clauses (If Clauses)

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    if clause ile ilgili alıştırmalar if clause alıştırmalar clauses alıştırma alıştırmaları
    1.1. First condition
    Şu an ya da geleceğe ait gerçekleşmesi mümkün olasılık anlatır.

    If + Present, Future / Present tense
    (Eğer) ... -I/Er ise, -EcEk / -I/Er

    If nothing is done about high rate of population growth, world population will have doubled by the year 2005.

    Should you see her, give her the message.

    If you ..... to a doctor straight away as I advise, you ..... a great deal of discomfort.
    A. would go/would have been spared
    B. have gone/were spared
    C. had gone/would have been spared
    D. were going/have been spared
    E. go/will have been spared

    ile başlayan bölüm (= yan tümce) ile ilgili önemli bir not:

    If + will / may / might ... , ....

    1.2. Second Condition
    Şu an ya da geleceğe ait gerçekleşmesi pek mümkün olmayan olasılık anlatır.

    If + Simple past, could / would (be able to) / might
    (Eğer) ... -sE(ydI), ... -I/ErdI
    If you were a man, I'd slap you here and now.

    Were you a man, I'd slap you here and now.

    Would you accept the offer if you ..... in my shoes.
    A. are
    B. can be
    C. were
    D. had been
    E. should be

    Was yerine were
    kullanımı önem taşır:

    If I / she / you / it / they / ... WERE ....

    Ayrıca şu yapılara dikkat:
    Would you mind ...?
    Do you mind ... ?

    Kim: I urgently need an envelope for this card.
    Tom: Do you mind if I go and buy you one?
    Kim: .....
    Tom: I'll be back in a minute.
    A. Yes, and buy a pen as well, please.
    B. Yes, this would be lovely.
    C. No, not at all; most appreciated.
    D. I'd better have an envelope immediately.
    E. Actually, what I need is that one.

    Progressive / Continuous
    kullanıma dikkat:

    Would be + Ving
    èSecond Condition

    She must be earning a lot. Otherwise, she ..... such a luxurious life.
    A. couldn't have led
    B. hasn't been leading
    C. isn't leading
    D. wasn't leading
    E. wouldn't be leading

    1.3. Third Condition
    Geçmişe ait ve gerçekleşmesi artık mümkün olmayan olasılık anlatır.

    A. If + Past Perfect, would /could / might + have + V3 [1]
    B. If + Past Perfect, would / could / might + V1 + (now) [2]
    C. If + would / could + have + V3, would / could / might + have + V3 [3]

    (Eğer) -sEydi /-mIş olsaydı, ... -I/ErdI
    If he had known the result he wouldn't have been so happy. [1]

    (Eğer) -sEydi /-mIş olsaydı, (şimdi) ... -I/ErdI
    If you had been more careful, you'd be earning more. [2]

    (Eğer) -sEydi /-mIş olsaydı, ... -EbIlIrdI
    I could have helped him if I could have swum. [3]

    Had he been more careful, he could have won.

    If I ..... you were coming I ..... you a lift.
    A. knew/can give
    B. know/have given
    C. had known/could have given
    D. have known/gave
    E. will know/would give

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    Cevap: Conditional Clauses (If Clauses)

    1.4. If + should
    Az gerçekleşme olasılığı gösterir.
    If you should see him, let me know.

    1.5. If + happen to
    If + should
    yapısı ile aynı anlamdadır.
    1.6. If + were to
    Were to
    yapısı gelecekte gerçekleşme olasılığı az bir olayı anlatmada kullanılabilir.
    What would you do if a war were to break out ?

    Were to
    yapısı zorlayıcı bir öneri ifade edebilir.
    If you were to move your chair a bit, we could all sit down comfortably.

    If Turkey ..... to withdraw from the NATO alliance, certainly it ..... a global crisis.
    A. had/will cause
    B. was/would have caused
    C. will have/causes
    D. were/would cause
    E. would have/had caused
    1.7. If it weren't for
    Bu yapı olayın bir başka olayı değiştirdiğini / etkilediğini göstermede "olmasa" anlamında kullanılır.
    If it weren't for his wife's money, he'd never be a boss.

    1.8. If it hadn't been for
    If it weren't for
    yapısının geçmiş zaman halidir.
    If it hadn't been for your help, she could have gone to prison.

    1.9. But for
    If it hadn't been for
    yapısı ile aynı anlamı taşır.
    But for you, I could have given up long ago.

    1.10. If only (= I wish ...)
    A) If only + Past tense
    If only I had more money, I could buy a drink.

    If only you hadn't told Jackie the truth, everything would have been all right.

    B) If only + would / could
    Bu yapı istek / amaç belirtir.
    If only she wouldn't speak all the time, she'd make a perfect guest.

    If only he wouldn't snore !

    If only we ..... more money on us, we wouldn't have got so embarrassed at the supermarket.
    A. had taken
    B. have taken
    C. took
    D. would have taken
    E. would take

    If only you ..... in my affairs that much! I really don't want to offend you.
    A. don't interfere
    B. hadn't interfered
    C. haven't interfered
    D. won't interfere
    E. wouldn't interfere
Conditional Clauses (If Clauses) konusuna benzer içeriklerimiz
  1. Place Clauses

    1. WHERE KULLANIMI where + tümce ÇEVİRİSİ yüklem + -Diği yerde Where I come from, this is called injustice. 2. WHEREVER KULLANIMI wherever + tümce ÇEVİRİSİ (neresi olursa orada) yüklem + -Diği her yer(d)e/yerin They went wherever they expected to find work.
  2. Reason Clauses

    reason clauses clauses of reason of konu anlatımı on account kullanımı due to kullanımı 1. TÜMCE İLE KULLANILANLAR 1.1. Because, As, For, Since Türkçeye "yüklem + -I için / -IndEn ötürü / dolayı", "yüklem + -mEsI nedeniyle / sebebiyle" şeklinde aktarılırlar. Because he worked so hard, he deserved a holiday. As sözcüğü devrik...
  3. Similarity Clauses

    SIMILARITY CLAUSE 1. (Just) as KULLANIMI (just) as + tümce [1] / it is/was/.. [2] Kimi zaman as yerine the way kullanılabilir. ÇEVİRİSİ gibi She is a fine singer, just as her father used to be. [1] In autumn, as (it was) in spring, there were floods. [2] Bu yapı resmi (=...
  4. Exception Clauses

    EXCEPTION CLAUSE 1. But (that) Resmi (= formal) nitelik taşıyan anlatımlarda kullanılır. KULLANIM but that + tümce [1] but for me/him/.. to + yüklem [2] ÇEVİRİSİ dışında, haricinde Nothing would stop them but that the President (should) make a speech. [1] Nothing would stop them but for the...
  5. Verbless Clauses

    VERBLESS CLAUSE Bu tür tümceler İngilizcede fazla kullanılmaz ve çeviri ya da sınavlar açısından önemli bir sorun oluşturmaz. He waited, anxious for a reply. (= he was anxious for a reply) Tedirginlikle bir yanıt bekledi. She was standing, a statue of innocence. (= she was like a statue of innocence) Masumiyet abidesi gibi duruyordu...

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