must, can't and needn't with the perfect infinitive

Konu, 'İngilizce Genel' kısmında Bilge Gökçen tarafından paylaşıldı.

  1. must needn t needn t neednt must perfect infinitive
    must + perfect infinitive is used for affirmative deductions.
    can't/couldn't + infinitive is used for negative deductions.
    needn't + perfect infinitive is used for a past action which was unnecessary but was performed.


    Fill the spaces in the following sentences by using one of these forms + the perfect infinitive of the verbs in brackets.

    1 Did you hear me come in last night? ~
    No, I . . . (be) asleep.

    2 I wonder who broke the wineglass; it . . . (be) the cat for she was out all day.
    3 You . . . (help) him. ( You helped him but he didn 't need help.)
    4 I had my umbrella when I came out but I haven't got it now. ~
    You . . . (leave) it on the bus.
    5 He . . . (escape) by this window because it is barred.
    6 I . . . (give) Ј10. Ј5 would have been enough.
    7 I saw a rattlesnake near the river yesterday. ~
    You . . . (see) a rattlesnake. There aren't any rattlesnakes in this country.

    8 He is back already. ~
    He . . . (start) very early.

    9 He returned home with a tiger cub. ~
    His wife (be) very pleased about that.

    10 I bought two bottles of milk. ~
    You . . . (buy) milk; we have heaps in the house.

    11 I phoned you at nine this morning but got no answer. ~
    I'm sorry. I . . . (be) in the garden.

    12 I left my bicycle here and now it's gone. ~
    Someone . . . (borrow) it.

    13 When she woke up her watch had vanished. ~
    Someone . . . (steal) it while she slept.

    14 I've opened another bottle. ~
    You . . . (do) that. We've only just started this one.

    15 The machine said, 'You weigh 65 kilos,' and I said, Thank you.' ~
    You . . . (say) anything.

    16 I told him to turn left and he immediately turned right! ~
    He . . . (understand) you.

    17 Perhaps he swam across. ~
    No, he . . . (do) that; he can't swim.

    18 Do you remember reading about it in the newspapers? ~
    No, I . . . (be) abroad at the time.

    19 He . . . (walk) from here to London in two hours. It isn't possible.
    20 He was very sick last night. ~
    The meat we had for supper . . . (be) good.

    21 There was a dock strike and the liner couldn't leave port. ~
    The passengers . . . (be) furious.

    22 We went to a restaurant and had a very good dinner for Ј3. ~
    You . . . (have) a very good dinner if you only paid Ј3.
    23 I have just watered the roses. ~
    You . . . (water) them. Look, it's raining now!

    24 That carpet was made entirely by hand. ~
    It . . . (take) a long time.

    25 The door was open. ~
    It . . . (be) open. I had locked it myself and the key was in my pocket.
    26 He said that he watered the plants every day. ~
    He . . . (water) them. If he had they wouldn't have died.

    27 He came out of the water with little red spots all over his back. ~
    He . . . (be) stung by a jelly-fish.
    28 We've sent for a doctor. ~
    You . . . (send) for him. I am perfectly well.

    29 I've made two copies. ~
    You . . . (make) two. One would have been enough.

    30 There was a terrible crash at 3 a.m. ~
    That . . . (be) Tom coming in from his party.

    31 I had to get down the mountain in a thick fog. ~
    That . . . (be) very difficult.

    32 I saw Ann in the library yesterday. ~
    You . . . (see) her; she is still abroad.

    33 How did he get out of the house? He . . . (come) down the stairs for
    they were blazing.

    34 You . . . (lend) him your map. He has one of his own.
    35 I spoke in English, very slowly. ~
    You . . . (speak) slowly. He speaks English very fluently.

    36 He was found unconscious at the foot of the cliff. He . . . (fall) 200 metres.
  2. Cevap: must, can't and needn't with the perfect infinitive

    1 must have been 2 can't/couldn't have been 3 needn't have helped 4 must have left 5 can't/couldn't have escaped 6 needn't have given 7 can't/couldn't have seen
    8 must have started 9 can't have been 10 needn't have bought 11 must have been 12 must have borrowed 13 must have stolen 14 needn't have done 15 needn't have said
    16 can't/couldn't have understood 17 can't/couldn't have done 18 must have been
    19 can't/couldn't have walked 20 can't have been 21 must have been 22 can't/couldn't have had 23 needn't have watered 24 must have taken 25 can't/couldn't have been
    26 can't/couldn't have watered 27 must have been 28 needn't have sent 29 needn't have made 30 must have been 31 must have been 32 can't/couldn't have seen 33 can't/couldn't have come 34 needn't have lent 35 needn't have spoken 36 must have fallen

Sayfayı Paylaş