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  1. Bilge Gökçen

    Bilge Gökçen Yeni Üye Üye

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    27 Ağustos 2007
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    Present Perfect Tense

    Konu, 'İngilizce Genel' kısmında Bilge Gökçen tarafından paylaşıldı.

    present perfect tense metin present perfect tense metinleri çeviri çeviri ile ilgili şarkılar Present Perfect Tense
    a) Az önce tamamlanan bir olay için, genelde just ile kullanılır.

    I have just drunk a cup of tea.


    He ..... only just ....., so he should be tired.
    A. did / come
    B. was / coming
    C. will / come
    D. had / come
    E. has / come


    b) Zamanın belli olmadığı ya da önemli olmadığı durumlarda kullanılır.
    Peter has been to the States twice.


    c) Geçmişte yapılmış, şu anda ya da gelecekte yapılabilme olasılığı var olan olaylar için kullanılır.
    He has won 3 Oscars.


    d) Sınırları kesin olmayan bir zamanla [1], ya da, zaman diliminin sona ermediğinde [2] kullanılır.

    The population has risen dramatically lately. [1]

    They haven't had a holiday this year. [2]


    This is the largest car that I ..... whole my life.
    A. have seen
    B. saw
    C. will see
    D. had seen
    E. am seeing

    So far, we ..... only a part of the project.
    A. will complete
    B. completed
    C. complete
    D. have completed
    E. were completing

    We ..... an enormous number of tourists this summer.
    A. had
    B. have had
    C. had had
    D. would have
    E. were having

    Apparently, she ..... her homework yet.
    A. didn't do
    B. won't do
    C. doesn't do
    D. isn't doing
    E. hasn't done


    Yet
    sözcüğünün farklı kullanım ve anlamları:

    be + yet
    --> daha, bir de, üstüne üstlük.
    olumlu eylem + yet -->ever.

    Tümce başında yet, fakat anlamındadır.

    I ..... here since 1983.
    A. have lived
    B. am living
    C. lived
    D. live
    E. will live

    Since
    ve for sözcüklerinin kullanımı:

    Since
    + eylemin başlama zamanı.
    For + dönem.
    Since + simple past.

    Since the day he ..... ill, he ..... a lot of reading.
    A. is/did
    B. was/does
    C. was/did
    D. is/has done
    E. was/has done

    Present Perfect
    'in bu kullanımları (A-D) Türkçe'ye "yüklem + -DI", çeviri metni resmi bir dil taşıdığında da "yüklem + - mIştIr" yapısı ile aktarılır.


    e) be yüklemi ile birlikte, nitelik, yer, vs. belirten yapıların oluşturulmasında kullanılır.
    I have been a teacher for 7 years.


    Bu kullanım (E) Türkçe'ye "yüklem + -DIr" yapısı ile aktarılırsa da -DIr takısı genelde düşer.

     
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