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  1. Bilge Gökçen

    Bilge Gökçen Yeni Üye Üye

    Kayıt:
    27 Ağustos 2007
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    Reason Clauses

    Konu, 'İngilizce Genel' kısmında Bilge Gökçen tarafından paylaşıldı.

    reason clauses clauses of reason of konu anlatımı on account kullanımı due to kullanımı 1. TÜMCE İLE KULLANILANLAR

    1.1. Because, As, For, Since
    Türkçeye "yüklem + -I için / -IndEn ötürü / dolayı", "yüklem + -mEsI nedeniyle / sebebiyle" şeklinde aktarılırlar.
    Because he worked so hard, he deserved a holiday.


    As
    sözcüğü devrik yapıda kullanılarak da Reason Clause oluşturabilir. Aynı yapı Concession Clause için de geçerli olduğu için hangi anlamın çıkarılması gerektiğine dikkat edilmesi gerekir.
    Tired as she was, she went on walking. [Concession]
    Tired as she was, she stopped walking. [Reason]



    ..... the prices are very high, I have to find a second job to make ends meet.
    A. Even though
    B. In spite of
    C. Unless
    D. Because
    E. Even if

    I reckon he'll be a great asset to the firm, ..... he really does have a good eye for business.
    A. although
    B. for
    C. therefore
    D. lest
    E. thus

    1.2. Because of / Due to / Owing to / On account of + the fact that
    Türkçeye "[gerçeği(nden)] ötürü / yüzünden / sayesinde" şeklinde aktarılırlar.
    Owing to the fact that Tom didn't know any French, they were able to speak comfortably in his presence.



    ..... a heavy rain, the game had to be stopped.
    A. Because
    B. Owing to
    C. Regardless of
    D. In spite of
    E. Provided
    1.3. As long as

    KULLANIMI
    as long as + tümce
    ÇEVİRİSİ
    - DIğI sürece / müddetçe
    As long as he doesn't disturb me, it is okay.


    1.4. Inasmuch as, Insomuch as
    Because
    anlamı taşıyan bu yapılar resmi durumlarda kullanılır.
    Thomas is also guilty, insomuch as he knew what they were going to do.( ..., because he knew ...)


    1.5. In that

    KULLANIMI
    in that + tümce
    ÇEVİRİSİ
    -mEsI açısından/yüzünden, -DIğI için
    The evidence is invalid in that it was obtained through illegal ways.


    1.6. Now that
    Time Clause
    yapılarda ele alınan Now that ile aynı anlamı taşır.
    1.7. (The reason) why

    KULLANIMI
    (The reason) why + tümce + be + because/that ...
    ÇEVİRİSİ
    -mE("kişi eki")In(In) nedeni/sebebi ... (-dIr)

    The reason (why) they lost is that/because they did not know the rules.



    She won't tell me the reason ..... she is leaving me!
    A. how
    B. when
    C. which
    D. whom
    E. why

    1.8. While

    KULLANIMI
    while + tümce
    ÇEVİRİSİ
    hazır ... olduğuna göre/-mIş iken
    While you are in the kitchen, can you bring me a knife ?

     
  2. Bilge Gökçen

    Bilge Gökçen Yeni Üye Üye

    Kayıt:
    27 Ağustos 2007
    Mesajlar:
    13.023
    Beğenilen Mesajlar:
    108
    Ödül Puanları:
    0
    Cevap: Reason Clauses
    2. TÜMCE İLE KULLANILMAYANLAR
    2.1. Because of, Due to, Owing to, On account of

    KULLANIMI
    because of / due to + owing to + on account of + ad + (Ving) [1] / + my / his /.. + Ving [2]
    ÇEVİRİSİ
    Türkçeye because ile aynı şekilde aktarılırlar.
    Because of rain the rescue operation had to be stopped. [1]


    Owing to his trying to save the situation, a scandal was prevented. [2]


    2.2. Ving ...,
    Önemli bir özellik:


    Ving ile time ve reason
    anlatıldığı zaman, ana tümcenin ve yan tümcenin öznesinin aynı olması gerekir.

    In any election campaign, we see that all the candidates promise to bring all essential facilities to the area, ......
    A. bearing in mind the fact that it has a potential vote population
    B. in that they were quite successful in bringing service
    C. that has always been neglected by local politicians
    D. which actually needed almost nothing other than a sewage system
    E. whose political career depends on the leading party's policies

    Seeing that it was likely to rain, he stayed in. (=Because / When he saw ...)


    Knowing their tastes, she was able to bring a good gift. (=Because she knew ...)


    Having completed the task, they had a break. (=Because / After they had completed ...)


    2.3. Past participle (= V3)
    Önemli özellikler:

    Bu yapı edilgen özellik taşır.
    Past Participle ile time ve reason
    anlatıldığı zaman, ana tümcenin ve yan tümcenin öznesinin aynı olması gerekir.

    Constructed according to my specifications, the building was able to withstand the earthquake. (=Because it was constructed ...)


    2.4. With

    KULLANIMI
    with + ad + Ving [1]
    with + ad + to + yüklem [2]
    ÇEVİRİSİ
    "var iken", -mekte iken, -DIğI için, -DIğIndEn ötürü
    With the exams coming, we have no time for a social life. [1]


    With so many children to support, they both have to work. [2]


    2.5. What with
    Yukarıda ele alınan With yapısı ile aynıdır.
     
Reason Clauses konusuna benzer diğer içeriklerimiz
  1. Conditional Clauses (If Clauses)

    Conditional Clauses (If Clauses)

    if clause ile ilgili alıştırmalar if clause alıştırmalar clauses alıştırma alıştırmaları CONDITION CLAUSE 1. IF 1.1. First condition Şu an ya da geleceğe ait gerçekleşmesi mümkün olasılık anlatır. KULLANIMI If + Present, Future / Present tense ÇEVİRİSİ (Eğer) ... -I/Er ise, -EcEk / -I/Er If nothing is done about high rate of...
  2. Place Clauses

    Place Clauses

    1. WHERE KULLANIMI where + tümce ÇEVİRİSİ yüklem + -Diği yerde Where I come from, this is called injustice. 2. WHEREVER KULLANIMI wherever + tümce ÇEVİRİSİ (neresi olursa orada) yüklem + -Diği her yer(d)e/yerin They went wherever they expected to find work.
  3. Purpose Clauses

    Purpose Clauses

    purpose clauses clauses of purpose konu anlatımı in order to konu anlatımı video PURPOSE CLAUSE 1. (In order) to, so as to KULLANIMI in order (not) to / so as (not) to + yüklem ÇEVİRİSİ yüklem + -mEk için To open the lid, turn it left. They left the door open in order for me to hear what they were talking...
  4. Similarity Clauses

    Similarity Clauses

    SIMILARITY CLAUSE 1. (Just) as KULLANIMI (just) as + tümce [1] / it is/was/.. [2] Kimi zaman as yerine the way kullanılabilir. ÇEVİRİSİ gibi She is a fine singer, just as her father used to be. [1] In autumn, as (it was) in spring, there were floods. [2] Bu yapı resmi (=...
  5. Verbless Clauses

    Verbless Clauses

    VERBLESS CLAUSE Bu tür tümceler İngilizcede fazla kullanılmaz ve çeviri ya da sınavlar açısından önemli bir sorun oluşturmaz. He waited, anxious for a reply. (= he was anxious for a reply) Tedirginlikle bir yanıt bekledi. She was standing, a statue of innocence. (= she was like a statue of innocence) Masumiyet abidesi gibi duruyordu...

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